Commas are used to separate a list of itemsaada4
We had ice cream, chocolate, jellies, Rseeand marshmallows
Commas are used to separate two adjectives when the adjectives are interchangeable.
It was an exciting, electrifying show
Commas are used when starting a sentence with a dependent clause,
When John walked in to the room, it got very quiet.
Commas are used to separate nonessential information from the rest of the sentence
The woman, who was very strong, won the shot put competition
Commas are used to show possession
The kids’ gloves (Plural Possessive-comma after the “s”)
Commas are used to form contractions.
There is a giant elephant (Without the Contraction)
There’s a giant elephant (With the Contraction)
You would like that
You’d like that
Colons are used after an independent clause when it is followed by a list
There was a variety of desserts: pie, cheese cake, ice cream, and cake
Colons are used after an independent clause when it is followed by a quotation
Yogi Berra said it best: “It ain’t over till it’s over.”
Colons are used after an independent clause when it is followed by an appositive
Irish chefs are supposed to know how to prepare an Irish stew: meat cubes cooked with potatoes, carrots, and pearl barley.
Colons are used after an independent clause when it is followed by an idea directly related to the independent clause.
The vote was unanimous: the older candidate had won.
Semicolons are used to join two independent clauses together when the second clause restates the first.
I’m not sure how to do it: let’s get help
Semicolons are used to join two independent clauses together when the second clause begins with a conjunctive adverb (however, therefore, etc.) or a transition (in fact, for example, etc.).
The cave is dark; therefore, I do not want to go in there alone.
Dashes are used to emphasize the content enclosed within dashes
Upon discovering the errors—all 200 of them—the publisher immediately recalled the books.
Periods are used at the end of a sentence that makes a statement.
He will do it again.
Questions marks are used after direct questions.
Who are you?
An exclamation point is used at the end of a sentence to show strong emotion.
Don’t do that!